Thriving plants and wildlife
Figure 6 shows the proportion of indicator components for which ‘Thriving plants and wildlife’ is the primary goal that have been assigned to each assessment category, with the exact number of indicator components shown as a label on the bars.
Some indicator components were not assessed as they do not present results as a time series (C2 Seabed subject to high pressure from human activity, the 4 indicator components recorded under C4 Regional sea assessments and the status of coastal water bodies and offshore units for 4 UK seafloor habitats, C5a Changes in plankton communities, C5b Changes in phytoplankton biomass and zooplankton abundance, C7a Typical Length of demersal and pelagic fish communities and C7b Mean Maximum Length of demersal and pelagic fish communities). Five indicator components are still in development (C6 Status of threatened and declining features, C8 Marine food webs functioning, C9 Seafloor habitats functioning, D1 Quantity, quality and connectivity of habitats and D5 Conservation status of our native species).
Of the remaining 20 indicator components, 5 showed an improvement over the short term, 6 showed a deterioration and 9 showed little or no change. This short-term time period covered the most recent 5 years for which an assessment can be made. Over the long term, more indicator components showed a deterioration, but a higher number were also improving. Several marine bird indicators, widespread butterflies in woodland and change in the distribution of pollinators moved from deterioration to little or no change in the short term. However, 2 indicator components for protected sites moved from improvement to little or no change.