G4: Engagement with the natural environment

Interim Interim

Short description

This indicator will track changes in people’s engagement with the natural environment. Spending time in the natural environment improves our health and wellbeing. This indicator will measure time spent in natural spaces (woodland, parks, coasts and freshwaters, alongside other natural places), people’s levels of care and concern, connection with nature and children and young people’s engagement.

This indicator is not available for reporting in 2021 in a finalised form. An interim indicator is presented here that shows frequency of visits to natural spaces in England. The interim indicator is derived from data collected as part of the Monitor of Engagement with the Natural Environment (MENE) survey. While the impacts of COVID-19 on public engagement with the natural environment are likely to be considerable, they are not reflected in the results of this interim indicator because the most recently available full-year data from the MENE survey predates the onset of the coronavirus pandemic.

Information on changes in public engagement with nature is now gathered by Natural England using The People and Nature Survey for England. This new survey, which began collecting data in April 2020, builds on the MENE survey. The first full year of data collection was completed at the end of March 2021; data will now be analysed, and indicators will be finalised. Initial results from 2020, together with further information on the survey methods, outputs and the full questionnaire, are available on The People and Nature Survey homepage. The People and Nature Survey team welcome collaboration and feedback via their user hub.

A revised indicator, based on results from the new People and Nature Survey, is intended to be published in the Outcome Indicator Framework report in 2022. Considerable work is underway to understand the impacts of COVID-19 on the trends for this revised indicator as part of its development; insight and feedback from stakeholders via the user hub is also welcome as part of this work.


MENE collected data using a face-to-face survey, which means the results presented in this interim indicator are not directly comparable to those obtained via the new People and Nature Survey which uses online methods. More information on these methodological differences and the work underway to understand, and potentially harmonise datasets is available on the Methods and limitations webpage.

Trend description

The MENE survey showed an increase in the proportion of adults visiting the natural environment at least once a week, from 54% in the survey year 2009-10 to 65% in 2018-19.


Choose categories from the dropdowns below to see different breakdowns of the data. Some will not be available until a higher level is chosen.

This table provides metadata for the interim or final indicator presented above.

Indicator name

Engagement with the natural environment

Indicator reference


Outcome Indicator Framework theme

Natural Beauty and Engagement

Headline indicator status

People enjoying and caring about the natural environment

Relevant goal(s) in the 25 Year Environment Plan
  • Enhancing beauty, heritage and engagement with the natural environment
Relevant target(s) in the 25 Year Environment Plan
  • Making sure that there are high quality, accessible, natural spaces close to where people live and work, particularly in urban areas, and encouraging more people to spend time in them to benefit their health and wellbeing
Position in the natural capital framework
  • Service or benefit associated with natural capital asset
Related reporting commitments
  • Relevant to Convention on Biological Diversity Aichi Target 1
Geographic scope


Status of indicator development


Date last updated

11 June 2021