E2: Volume of agricultural production

Interim Interim

Short description

Farming produces a range of food, feed and fibre commodities. This represents a valuable output from the land and other resources used. Volume of agricultural production is considered to be a provisioning service provided by a range of natural capital assets (land, water, air, species and ecological communities). This indicator shows annual changes in the index of output volume which provides an overall measure of total production across the wide range of agricultural commodities. The index is calculated using agreed international standards. Farm practices and the use of inputs (particularly fertilisers and pesticides) directly influence the environmental pressures from farming including the quality, composition and availability of habitats and impact on air, water and soils. This indicator should therefore be viewed alongside the indicator E3 Volume of inputs used in agricultural production and other indicators in the framework relating to the condition of natural capital assets.

This indicator is not available for reporting in 2021 in a finalised form. An interim indicator is presented here that shows the volume of agricultural production in the UK. Indicators and data on total factor productivity for England by farm type are published as Experimental Statistics, but the National Statistics publication on total factor productivity of the agricultural industry in the UK is considered to be a more reliable source for this indicator until the England-level data receive accreditation as National Statistics.

Trend description

After a period of sustained increase from the late 1970s to the mid-1980s the overall volume of outputs has remained relatively stable, with some variation from year to year. Annual variations are generally driven by external factors, in particular weather, affecting growing and harvest and the variation in cropping driven by prices.


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This table provides metadata for the interim or final indicator presented above.

Indicator name

Volume of agricultural production

Indicator reference


Outcome Indicator Framework theme

Natural Resources

Headline indicator status

Not applicable

Relevant goal(s) in the 25 Year Environment Plan
  • Using resources from nature more sustainably and efficiently
Relevant target(s) in the 25 Year Environment Plan
  • Ensuring that food is produced sustainably and profitably
Position in the natural capital framework
  • Service or benefit associated with natural capital asset
Related reporting commitments
  • None
Geographic scope

England. The interim indicator is only available for the UK.

Status of indicator development


Date last updated

11 June 2021